During school weeks, minors aged 14 and 15 are limited to the following hours in most professions: Q: What are the periods of employment for minors aged 16 and over during a normal school week? A: Minors 16 years of age and older cannot be employed before 6 a.m. or after 12 p.m. during a regular school week. The minor must not be employed for more than 8 hours per day or more than 28 hours per week during a normal school week. A normal school week is the five days that begin from Monday to Friday when the school is in session. School holidays are the period during which a minor is not required to be in school, as determined by the school district where the minor resides. A high school graduate or a person who has reached the age of sixteen (16) and retired from school to work full-time does not have to comply with the time restrictions. The Pennsylvania Department of Labor and Industry provides a “summary of the labor time provisions of the Child Labor Act” on its website. Q: If a student is homeschooled, do all child labor laws apply? A: The U.S.
Department of Labor has ruled that homeschooling is not grounds for exemption from the Federal Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA) and that, therefore, all work by 14- and 15-year-olds during local public school hours is prohibited. Because the FLSA does not cover 16- and 17-year-olds, the Pennsylvania Department of Education has ruled that homeschooled students ages 16 and 17 can work during school hours as long as they do not work more than 6 consecutive days per week or do not work more than 8 hours per day or more than 44 hours per week. These students are not allowed to work after midnight (Sunday to Thursday) during the school year. It would be helpful if the parent could provide the employer with written proof that the student is homeschooled. Application of Federal Child Labor Regulations to Amusement Parks and Recreational Facilities Fact Sheet Specific information on the jobs that underage employees of certain ages can perform while employed in amusement parks. Prohibited activities include driving a motor vehicle or providing external assistance work on a highway. Minors aged 16 and 17 enrolled in a school may not work more than nine hours per day, 40 hours per school week, 48 hours per week extracurricular and six days a week. The Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA) sets wages, hours of work, and safety requirements for minors (persons under the age of 18) working in occupations covered by the Act. The rules vary depending on the age of the minor and the activity concerned. As a general rule, the LSF sets the minimum age for admission to employment at 14 and limits the number of hours worked by minors under 16 years of age.
Q: What are the periods of employment for minors aged 14 and 15? A: During a normal school week, minors aged 14 and 15 may not be employed before 7 a.m. or after 7 p.m.; Except that during school holidays, a minor can be employed until 9 p.m. In addition, a minor may not be employed for more than three hours per school day or eight hours per day off. The minor may not be employed for more than 18 hours in a normal school week and not more than 40 hours in a week during which the school is not in session. A normal school week is the five days that begin from Monday to Friday when the school is in session. School holidays are the period during which a minor is not required to be in school, as determined by the school district where the minor resides. The Pennsylvania Department of Labor and Industry provides a “summary of the labor time provisions of the Child Labor Act” on its website. Only between 7 a.m. and 7 p.m. during the school year. Q: What are an employer`s obligations if a minor has a work permit? A: To be employed, a minor must have a work permit.
For persons under 16 years of age, the employer must obtain a written declaration from the parents or legal guardian of the minor confirming that he understands the duties and hours of work and issues the work permit in accordance with the provisions of article 4904 of 18 PA.C.S. (concerning false sworn to the authorities). The employer must keep a copy of the work permit, the original of the verified permit declaration and a copy of the letter sent to the issuing official announcing the minor`s employment. The employer must inform the issuing official in writing of the employment of a minor within five days of the commencement of employment, indicating the normal duties and periods of employment, as well as the age and authorization number of the minor. In the event of dismissal of a minor, the employer must inform the issuing official within five days of the last day of employment that the minor is no longer employed by the employer. In most cases, you will need permission from a higher court to allow minors under the age of 14 to work. Minors under the age of 14 who are allowed to work must meet the following conditions for 14-15 years. Note: Under state law, no one under the age of 18 is allowed to work on-site after 8 p.m. without direct adult supervision (except when working at kiosks in public areas of certain malls). Posting Requirements: Non-farm employers must also post the minimum wage sign published by the Ministry of Labour with minimum age requirements in a conspicuous place on the construction site. Young people between the ages of 16 and 17 who are emancipated by court order have no restrictions on working hours.
You do not need a parent/school approval form. Employers must continue to obtain a minor work permit and emancipated minors may not engage in prohibited occupations. (RCW 13.64.060 (g)). Employers should ask for documents as proof of emancipation – usually a court order, driver`s license, or government-issued ID indicating emancipated status. Q: How long do school districts need to keep work permit applications? A: Applications must be retained for two years after the student has completed or left the district. The working hours of minors depend on their age, the type of work and the minor`s school attendance. New York State has one of the strictest child labor laws in the country. The law limits the number of hours minors under the age of 18 may work during school hours. To work between 10 p.m. and midnight one day before a school day, 16- and 17-year-olds need written permission from a parent or guardian and a satisfactory certificate of educational status from their school.
Q: Are there any special provisions for minors aged 16 and over who are employed as counsellors, training counsellors or junior counsellors during school holidays? A: Yes, a person 16 years of age or older and employed during school holidays as a counsellor, training counsellor or junior counsellor at a summer camp, conference or retreat organised by a religious or Scouting organisation will be entitled to 24 consecutive hours of rest within a seven-day period. This does not apply to minors who are mainly employed for general maintenance or catering activities in these establishments. Q: Do your special rules for minors work as sports chaperones at professional sporting events? A: Yes, the new Child Labour Act exempts minors from certain provisions of the Act regarding working hours. A minor is assigned to sports supervision duties if he or she performs one of the following duties at a baseball, basketball, football, football, tennis or similar sporting event: Minors who work on their family farms are exempt from these restrictions. Q: I am a minor and live outside of Pennsylvania, where can I get a work permit? A: Each school district is responsible for issuing work permits to all minors who reside outside of Pennsylvania but work for an employer in the state. The school district where the workplace is located is responsible for issuing the work permit.